In my last post on Arch Installation Guide , We installed the base system and we can now login into our new system as root using the password that we set.
Please see my latest post on installing Arch linux with Gnome 3 for an upto date version of this guide.
Now, we will proceed further to install the Plasma 5 desktop.
$USERNAME per your liking. I chose
ssingh, so in future commands whenever you see
ssingh please replace it with your
useradd -m -G wheel -s /bin/bash $USERNAMEchfn --full-name "$FULL_NAME" $USERNAMEpasswd $USERNAME
Network should be setup at the start. Check the status of network using:
ping google.com -c 2$PING google.com (10.38.24.84) 56(84) bytes of data.64 bytes from google.com (10.38.24.84): icmp_seq=1 ttl=64 time=0.022 ms64 bytes from google.com (10.38.24.84): icmp_seq=2 ttl=64 time=0.023 ms$--- google.com ping statistics ---2 packets transmitted, 2 received, 0% packet loss, time 999msrtt min/avg/max/mdev = 0.022/0.022/0.023/0.004 ms$
If you do not get this output, please follow the troubleshooting links at arch wiki on setting up network.
I will be assuming you have an NVIDIA card for graphics installation.
To setup a graphical desktop, first we need to install some basic X related packages, and some essential packages (including fonts):
pacman -S xorg-server xorg-server-utils nvidia nvidia-libgl
To avoid the possibility of forgetting to update your initramfs after an nvidia upgrade, you have to use a pacman hook like this:
vim /etc/pacman.d/hooks/nvidia.hook$...[Trigger]Operation=InstallOperation=UpgradeOperation=RemoveType=PackageTarget=nvidia[Action]Depends=mkinitcpioWhen=PostTransactionExec=/usr/bin/mkinitcpio -p linux...$
Nvidia has a daemon that is to be run at boot. To start the persistence daemon at boot, enable the
systemctl enable nvidia-persistenced.servicesystemctl start nvidia-persistenced.service
To avoid screen tearing in KDE (KWin), add following:
vim /etc/profile.d/kwin.sh$...export __GL_YIELD="USLEEP"...
If this does not help please try adding the following instead -
vim /etc/profile.d/kwin.sh$...export KWIN_TRIPLE_BUFFER=1...
Do not have both of the above enabled at the same time. Please look at Arch Wiki for additional details.
Now continue installing remaining important packages for the GUI.
pacman -S mesa ttf-hack ttf-anonymous-propacman -S tlp tlp-rdw acpi_call bash-completion git meldpacman -S ttf-dejavu ttf-freefont ttf-liberation
Now, we will install the packages related to Plasma 5:
pacman -S plasma-meta kf5 kdebase kdeutils kde-applicationspacman -S kdegraphics gwenview
Now we have to setup a display manager. I chose recommended SDDM for plasma 5.
pacman -S sddm sddm-kcmvim /etc/sddm.conf...[Theme]# Current theme nameCurrent=breeze# Cursor themeCursorTheme=breeze_cursors...systemctl enable sddm
Also make sure that network manager starts at boot:
systemctl disable dhcpcd.servicesystemctl enable NetworkManager
This is pretty simple. Install following packages and you should be done:
pacman -S alsa-utils pulseaudio pulseaudio-alsa libcanberra-pulsepacman -S libcanberra-gstreamer jack2-dbus kmixpacman -S mpv mplayer
This part is optional and you can choose as per your taste. Sync time using the
vim /etc/systemd/timesyncd.conf$...[Time]NTP=0.arch.pool.ntp.org 1.arch.pool.ntp.org 2.arch.pool.ntp.org 3.arch.pool.ntp.orgFallbackNTP=0.pool.ntp.org 1.pool.ntp.org 0.fr.pool.ntp.org...$timedatectl set-ntp truetimedatectl status$...Local time: Tue 2016-09-20 16:40:44 PDTUniversal time: Tue 2016-09-20 23:40:44 UTCRTC time: Tue 2016-09-20 23:40:44Time zone: US/Pacific (PDT, -0700)Network time on: yesNTP synchronized: yesRTC in local TZ: no...$
On Plasma 5, It is recommended to enable no-bitmaps to improve the font rendering:
sudo ln -s /etc/fonts/conf.avail/70-no-bitmaps.conf/etc/fonts/conf.d
If you use vim as your primary editor, you may find this vimrc quite useful.
That's It. You are done. Start playing your new beautiful desktop. Please leave your comments with suggestions or any word of appreciation if this has been of any help to you.
Follow this page for any additional suggestions or improvements in this guide.